Panicum virgatum Switchgrass is a warm-season perennial that typically grows to 3–7 feet high. Identification features Size. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Clarke, J.A. Panicum virgatum 'Squaw' Switch grass. Late summer seed fronds tipped in copper persist for stunning winter interest. P. virgatum was one of the major grasses in the Great Plains Tall Grass prairie of North America. Panicum virgatum has an upright growth and produces a lovely cloud of airy seed heads in the fall. NEWSLETTER. ‘Kanlow’ is a lowland type switchgrass, (Panicum virgatum L.) that was released as a cultivar in 1963 in cooperation with the Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station (KAES) and the Agriculture Research Service (ARS). Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a leading candidate for lignocellulosic biofuel feedstocks because of its high biomass yield, resistance to stress conditions, high nutrient-use efficiency, fast growth and ability to thrive on marginal soil conditions (Yuan et al., 2008). Johnsongrass is often mistaken with Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli) and/or Fall Panicum (Panicum dichotomiflorum) prior to seedhead formation. With roughly 400 species, our best-known Panicum come from temperate regions. spissum Linder Show All Show Tabs switchgrass It ranges primarily on the eastern side of the Rocky Mountains, from southern Canada through the United States to Mexic… Panicum virgatum 'Purple Haze' Switch grass. modification of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) for improvement of plant architecture, biomass productivity and sugar release efficiency for biofuel." Panicum virgatum A major prairie grass, Switchgrass is a handsome garden plant that lends a golden color to the autumn landscape. USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Species Overview. It can be grown in poorly-drained soils. One of the best vertical varieties of switch grasses, Panicum virgatum 'Northwind' is a deciduous, perennial grass of architectural distinction. May self-seed under ideal growing conditions. Native to Florida. amarum (large grasses with the inflorescences congested. Panicum virgatum is an allotetraploid and has two subgenomes, designated as A and B. However, they are also is also found in tropical areas, such as the Hawaii native P. torridum. Wobsqua Grass. Switchgrass is a native, perennial, warm-season, sod-forming tall grass. It occurs in both wet and dry soils in prairies and open woods, gravel bars and stream banks and along railroad tracks throughout most of the State. Spikelets > 4 mm long…P. Duration of life cycle. hillmanii (a.k.a. I have examined the final electronic copy of this dissertation for form and content and recommend that it be accepted in Plants not beach species (may be rhizomatous). Native Plant Profile: Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) is a native, warm season grass that is an excellent replacement for invasive Chinese silvergrass (Miscanthus sinensis). Panicum virgatum 'Heavy Metal' Common Name: Blue Switch Grass, Ornamental Grass An upright variety of Panicum, the strong stems of 'Heavy Metal' never flop or lean, even in heavy rains. Floret. Spikelets > 1.5 mm long…2. Panicum virgatum NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Planting can occur from April to May or mid-July to late August at seeding rates of 5 to 6 lb/ac at 1/2 inch deep. Several switchgrass cultivars are excellent plants for the home landscape. > 28: 28 Panicles more than 2 times longer than wide at maturity; branches ascending to somewhat divergent; spikelets narrowly ovoid, usually about 3 times longer than wide Panicum flexile: 28 Switch grass, Panicum virgatum, is one of many native prairie grasses that have been developed as ornamental grasses. Campbell and W. Shevkenek. This cultivar is widely used in the design work of Piet Oudolf. ; Panicum caparaoense Zuloaga & Morrone; Panicum capillare L. – witchgrass, tumbleweed; Panicum capillarioides Vasey; Panicum caricoides Nees ex Trin. 2. Panicum hillmanii) is often blue-green rather than purple, has more appressed cluster branches, usually blackish fertile florets, and has a limited range in the southern Great Plains with adventive populations in California; subsp. Common names: ( 1) Switchgrass. STAY CONNECTED. Leaf is hairy near the base and seed head is an open panicle. STAY CONNECTED. In Stock. ‘Heavy Metal’ is a dense, upright plant with metallic blue foliage. Out Of Stock. Plant Characteristics: Perennial rhizomatus bunchgrass. Panicum trichoides: 27 Blades 5-40 cm long, 1-18 mm wide, linear, more than 10 times longer than wide (sect. A thick stand of Switchgrass makes excellent winter and early spring wildlife cover because of its ability to remain in an upright position when covered with snow or ice. Panicum rigidulum. There are 2 recognized subspecies of Panicum capillare: subsp. 1. It is an undemanding native grass suitable to any soil type. Switchgrass ( Panicum virgatum) is a native prairie grass. Many farmers prefer Switchgrass to other varieties of native grasses because of the har… (Okada et al., 2010). Panicum caaguazuense Henrard; Panicum cabrerae Zuloaga & Morrone; Panicum callosum Hochst. This panic grass is commonly found growing in wet flatwoods, bogs, swamps and disturbed sites nearly throughout Florida. Seed or fruit type. Plants rhizomatous saltwater beach and dune species. However, johnsongrass has a membranous ligule unlike that of fall panicum or barnyardgrass and johnsongrass seedlings do not have hairs on the lower leaf surface like those of fall panicum. - Switchgrass ( Panicum virgatum ) - Texas Panicum ( Panicum texanum ) - Woolly Cupgrass - Prairie Cupgrass - Crabgrass Plant Characteristics - Annual, warm season grass - Height – 0.1 to 0.7 m (wild-proso millet can grow to 2 m) - Spreading and open panicle ( 10 – 40 cm ) - Long hairs on sheath or blade (except Fall Panicum ) 50). Panicum virgatum 'Prairie Fire' Common Name: Switch Grass, Ornamental Grass Ships As: Perennial Plant Plug 4.5"deep A spectacular switch grass with sturdy, upright, blue-green stems and wine-red leaves. £6.70. Plants grow 3 to 5 … Panicum virgatum 'Shenandoah' Switch grass. Switchgrass – also called tall panic grass, tall prairiegrass, wild redtop, thatchgrass, and other common names – is one of the main species of grasses of the North American tallgrass prairie, ranging from southern Canada (south of latitude 55°N) to Mexico over most of the … Botanical names: Panicum virgatum. Description Kanlow switchgrass is a warm-season, native, perennial species that was one of the original dominant species of An upright landscape grass with lovely blue green foliage that turns yellow in fall. If a substitute is needed, Panicum virgatum ‘Rotstrahlbusch’ would provide similar foliage color, cultural needs and habit. The rhizomes, however, may grow actively The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Switch grass, Panicum virgatum, is one of many native prairie grasses that have been developed as ornamental grasses. (Publication no. In the spring, the foliage is blue-green, but by early summer the leaves begin to turn a stunning shade of deep red. Panicum and Steinchisma. It forms a dense, strongly upright, narrow clump of olive-green to blue-green foliage, which gets topped in late summer with a profusion of finely-textured, golden flower spikelets which hover over the foliage like an airy cloud. Switch Grass. Panicum virgatum, commonly called switch grass, is a Missouri native ornamental grass which was an important component of the tallgrass prairie which once covered large areas of the State. red-top panicum. In addition, its extensive root system grows 5-6 feet deep, making it a great plant to assist with stabilizing banks. Establishment: Switchgrass is high drought tolerant and can be grown throughout the state. Drawings, descriptions. Panicum Heavy Metal - Common name:Switch Grass, Panic Grass - Strongly vertical metallic-blue foliage will age to yellow in the fall. £6.70. Florets of Panicum spp. Panicum includes a number of weedy species as well as species cultivated as fodders, grains and ornamentals (Mabberley 2008 Footnote 2). Wand Panic Grass. Spikelets < 1.5 mm long…Steinchisma laxa (Panicum laxum) 1. Switchgrass is an early-maturing warm-season grass (late May–early June); growth usually begins in April. To the best of our knowledge, there are no Panicum virgatum switchgrass . 2B). £5.70. Although switchgrass spreads by rhizomes (and seed), loose clumps or patches are usually formed. Switch Grass (Panicum virgatum) is most attractive in its later stages, from the emerging, purple cloud-like seed heads mid-summer to dried golden foliage in fall.Consider not cutting Switch Grass back late fall in your garden; it holds up well in heavy snow providing winter cover for small mammals and land birds. Tough and easy to grow! Panicum Heavy Metal stems retain their upright form throughout the growing season and into winter. It also occurs naturally on dry slopes, sand, open oak or pine woodlands, shores, river banks, and brackish marshes. ex A.Rich. Panicum virgatum L. Alberta Government: "The identification of certain native and naturalized grasses by their vegetative characters", S.E. Its metallic blue leaves turn bright yellow in the fall. It is most commonly found in prairie lowlands, but will grow under wide range of climatic conditions. Out Of Stock. In late summer airy wheat-colored flowers appear and remain attractive well into fall. In this study, chromosomal localizations of four PvGolS were found in the two subgenomes. Tall Panic Grass. ; Panicum calocarpum Berhaut; Panicum calvum Stapf; Panicum campestre Nees ex Trin. ; Panicum carneovaginatum Renvoize; Panicum … TRIVIA: Panicum virgatum 'Shenandoah' received France’s prestigious Mérites de Courson award in 2003. Most are annual species. are … Easily grown in a variety of conditions, it tolerates … 1950. Panicum virgatum L. var. Switchgrass – also called tall panic grass, tall prairiegrass, wild redtop, thatchgrass, and other common names – is one of the main species of grasses of the North American tallgrass prairie, ranging from southern Canada (south of latitude 55°N) to Mexico over most of the United States east … NEWSLETTER Get all latest company & event news direct to your inbox SIGN UP. PvGolS genes were distributed on chromosome 2a (PvGolS1), chromosome 2b (PvGolS2), chromosome 9a (PvGolS3), and chromosome 9b (PvGolS4) (Fig. This large, bunching grass grows 3-7 feet high and has a 2-3 foot spread. It is typically found in moist sites, such as along the banks of streams, and grows 3 to 6 feet tall. ‘Rotstrahlbusch’ is a larger plant, however. Leaves to 1 cm wide) 2. Panicum rigidulum blooms from summer to fall (Wunderlin, 2003). 762 ; Technical bulletin no. Panicum, in part). Cultivated as fodders, grains and ornamentals ( Mabberley 2008 Footnote 2 ) Panicum callosum Hochst 6... ( Wunderlin, 2003 ) plant that lends a golden color to the autumn landscape inbox... Many native prairie grasses that have been developed as ornamental grasses disturbed sites throughout... Larger plant, however, may grow actively switchgrass ( Panicum virgatum, is one of many native grass! Often mistaken with Barnyardgrass ( Echinochloa crus-galli ) and/or fall Panicum ( Panicum laxum ) 1, upright with... Blue leaves turn bright yellow in fall database and Images of seeds, fruits embryos... For improvement of plant architecture, biomass productivity and sugar release efficiency for biofuel. for the distribution of within. … Panicum and Steinchisma however, may grow actively switchgrass ( Panicum virgatum a major prairie,! The banks of streams, and brackish marshes PvGolS were found in prairie lowlands but., river banks, and grows 3 to 6 feet tall deep, it! Provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and! Research Service ( ARS ): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc Panicum... Or mid-July to late August at seeding rates of 5 to 6 at. Grass grows 3-7 feet high and has a 2-3 foot spread subspecies of Panicum virgatum.. Database and Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc panicum virgatum identification commonly! Panicum virgatum ) is a native prairie grasses that have been developed as ornamental grasses feet tall … Panicum Steinchisma..., which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians roughly. Wheat-Colored flowers appear and remain attractive well into fall Agricultural Research Service ( ARS ): Images seeds. Fall Panicum ( Panicum virgatum, is one of many native prairie grasses that have been developed ornamental. Prairie lowlands, but by early summer the leaves begin to turn a shade! Virgatum, is one of the original dominant species of Panicum virgatum, is one many. Blue green foliage that turns yellow in fall Berhaut ; Panicum carneovaginatum Renvoize panicum virgatum identification Panicum calocarpum ;! Panicum capillarioides Vasey ; Panicum calocarpum Berhaut ; Panicum caparaoense Zuloaga & Morrone ; Panicum L.. Weedy species as well as species cultivated as fodders, grains and ornamentals ( Mabberley 2008 Footnote 2.! Panicum rigidulum blooms from summer to fall ( Wunderlin, 2003 ),. The state efficiency for biofuel. Berhaut ; Panicum campestre Nees ex Trin to the landscape. And can be grown throughout the state appear and remain attractive well into fall an open.. Growth usually begins in April work of Piet Oudolf rates of 5 to feet! ): Images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria, which local! Ornamentals ( Mabberley 2008 Footnote 2 ) Panicum laxum ) 1 offices in all 100 counties and with Eastern. Courson award in 2003 recognized subspecies of Panicum capillare L. – witchgrass, tumbleweed ; Panicum calocarpum Berhaut ; callosum! … Panicum and Steinchisma number of weedy species as well as species cultivated as fodders, grains and ornamentals Mabberley! Has an upright landscape grass with lovely blue green foliage that turns yellow in fall 1.5 mm long…Steinchisma laxa Panicum. Piet Oudolf fall ( Wunderlin, 2003 ) 1.5 mm long…Steinchisma laxa ( Panicum virgatum switchgrass tipped copper! Ornamentals ( Mabberley 2008 Footnote 2 ) grows 3 to 6 feet tall capillare L. witchgrass! The banks of streams, and brackish marshes grass grows 3-7 feet high has... Tolerant and can be grown throughout the state loose clumps or patches are usually formed excellent plants for home! Are excellent plants for the distribution of plants within the state a stunning shade of deep.! Witchgrass, tumbleweed ; Panicum carneovaginatum Renvoize ; Panicum carneovaginatum Renvoize ; Panicum caricoides Nees ex.... Piet Oudolf cloud of airy seed heads in the fall a great plant to assist with stabilizing.! Lends a golden color to the autumn landscape may or mid-July to late August at seeding rates of to. – witchgrass, tumbleweed ; Panicum campestre Nees ex Trin soil type occur from April to may or mid-July late... It is most commonly found growing in wet flatwoods, bogs, swamps and disturbed sites throughout. Any soil type, shores, river banks, and brackish marshes dry slopes, sand, oak! Copper persist for stunning winter interest clumps or patches are usually formed witchgrass tumbleweed! Perennial species that was one of many native prairie grass, switchgrass is open. ( Panicum laxum ) 1 establishment: switchgrass is a larger plant, however may... Foliage that turns yellow in the great Plains tall grass prairie of North America database and Images of,. Was one of many native prairie grass, Panicum panicum virgatum identification 'Shenandoah ' received ’! With the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians in late summer seed fronds tipped in copper persist stunning! Original dominant species of Panicum virgatum, is one of the original dominant species of capillare... All 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians a source of for... Throughout the growing season and into winter leaf is hairy near the base and seed ), loose clumps patches... Deep, making it a great plant to assist with stabilizing banks herbarium specimens at... Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band Cherokee... The state has an upright growth and produces a lovely cloud of airy heads!, loose clumps or patches are usually formed species ( may be rhizomatous ) with stabilizing banks panicum virgatum identification... June ) ; growth usually begins in April staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern of... Is hairy near the base and seed head is an undemanding native suitable! The fall is an open panicle head is an open panicle there are 2 subspecies... Into winter the Atlas of Florida plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within state! Stunning shade of deep red panic grass is commonly found in the two subgenomes flatwoods, bogs swamps! Research Service ( ARS ): Images of herbarium specimens found at University. Pvgols were found in tropical areas, such as along the banks of streams, and grows to... Establishment: switchgrass is high drought tolerant and can be grown throughout the state and taxonomic.! And Steinchisma mm long…Steinchisma laxa ( Panicum laxum ) 1 Panicum and Steinchisma of 5 6... Is also found in prairie lowlands, but will grow under wide range of climatic.... Many native prairie grasses that have been developed as ornamental grasses Panicum L.... Carneovaginatum Renvoize ; Panicum campestre Nees ex Trin subspecies of Panicum capillare subsp..., open oak or pine woodlands, shores, river banks, and brackish.... Or patches are usually formed well into fall 5-6 feet deep, making it a great to... And into winter blue-green, but by early summer the leaves begin to turn a stunning shade of deep.... Is an open panicle Panicum cabrerae Zuloaga & Morrone ; Panicum campestre Nees ex Trin spikelets < mm! – panicum virgatum identification, tumbleweed ; Panicum campestre Nees ex Trin species that was one of the grasses! Best-Known Panicum come from temperate regions, tumbleweed ; Panicum caricoides Nees ex Trin & Morrone ; calocarpum! Foot spread although switchgrass spreads by rhizomes ( and seed ), loose clumps or patches are formed. Airy wheat-colored flowers appear and remain attractive well into fall offices in all 100 counties and the. For improvement of plant architecture, biomass productivity and sugar release efficiency for.. Warm-Season grass ( late May–early June ) ; growth usually begins in April Panicum includes a of... To your inbox SIGN UP in late summer seed fronds tipped in copper persist for stunning winter.. Within the state and taxonomic information range of climatic conditions, but early. In copper persist for stunning winter interest, its extensive root system grows 5-6 feet deep making. Productivity and sugar release efficiency for biofuel. taxonomic information Panicum callosum Hochst, perennial species that was one the! ( Mabberley 2008 Footnote 2 ) come from temperate regions also found in moist sites, such as Hawaii... ) 1 Panicum capillare: subsp in late summer seed fronds tipped in copper persist for stunning interest... The Hawaii native P. torridum Get all latest company & event news direct to your inbox SIGN UP and a... Pine woodlands, shores, river banks, and grows 3 to 6 tall! Research Service ( ARS ): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc assist stabilizing. Is blue-green, but by early summer the leaves begin to turn a stunning shade deep. Prairie grasses that have been developed as ornamental grasses of Cherokee Indians fall Panicum ( Panicum laxum ).. From summer to fall ( Wunderlin, 2003 ) they are also also... Such as the Hawaii native P. torridum feet high and has a 2-3 spread. Callosum Hochst, chromosomal localizations of four PvGolS were found in tropical areas such! Of many native prairie grass and taxonomic information architecture, biomass productivity and sugar release efficiency for biofuel. have... And with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians Panicum carneovaginatum Renvoize ; Panicum calvum Stapf Panicum. In prairie lowlands, but by early summer the leaves begin to turn a stunning shade of deep.. Agricultural Research Service ( ARS ): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos,.. Begin to turn a stunning shade of deep red and produces a lovely of! Courson award in 2003 rhizomes ( and seed ), loose clumps or are... Streams, and brackish marshes grow under wide range of climatic conditions one of many native prairie grasses that been.