[cited 9 May-2016]. Musclewood is a synonym of hornbeam. November 1 - March 31Tue - Fri  Noon - 6 p.m.Saturday  9 a.m. - 5 p.m.Sun & Mon  Closed, April 1 - October 31Tue - Thur Noon - 7 p.m.Friday Noon - 6 p.m.Saturday  9 a.m. - 5 p.m.Sun & Mon  Closed, Winter Equipment Lending Online Reservations, In Honor of Edward R. Wagner and Lewis G. Kranick, Susie’s Bridge - Pedestrian Bridge in Riverside, Menomonee Valley From the Ground Up Donors, Native Animal of the Month - The Cooper's Hawk, The Farmers Behind the Food: Janet Gamble, Turtle Creek Gardens, False Spring: How Plants React to Unseasonal Warmth, Overwintering Plants: Science and Practice, Neighborhood Environmental Education Project. Caitlin Reinartz is the Forester at the Urban Ecology Center Riverside Park branch, working primarily on the Milwaukee Rotary Centennial Arboretum. Carpinus spp. It can be found naturally in areas with moist soil including streambanks, riverbanks, and maritime forests. The edges of the leaves are doubly serrate, which means that the serrations on the edge of the leaf have their own serrations. Michigan trees, revised and updated: a guide to the trees of the Great Lakes region. I, personally, have had many long conversations with others about "ironwood" (or "hornbeam") only to find out well into the dialogue that the two of us were … The flowers are wind-pollinated. 2014. When measured on 24 May 2016, this tree had a diameter at breast height of <2.5 cm, was ca. However there are no donation records for this species. While Carpinus contains 25 species of trees, only the blue beech is native to North America. I, personally, have had many long conversations with others about "ironwood" (or "hornbeam") only to find out well into the dialogue that the two of us were talking about totally different species of tree! [cited 9 May-2016]. However Musclewood is not a true beech species. Typically growing into a large shrub or small tree, this species has been known to reach heights of 5-10 m (15-35 ft) and develop trunks 15-30 cm (6-12 in) in diameter. American hornbeam is also known as blue-beech, and musclewood. 2014. The simple, alternate leaves are more or less doubly toothed, or at least the teeth are often of various sizes giving an irregular appearance. All of these make excellent hot ans long burning firewood. [cited 9 May-2016]. Difficult to transplant due to deep spreading lateral roots. One beautiful and interesting native Wisconsin tree which will, like more than 70 other native tree species, be planted as a part of the Milwaukee Rotary Centennial Arboretum project is Carpinus caroliniana or musclewood. Ironwood firewood is commonly used as a blanket term for several different types of dense firewood producing trees. What is the evolutionary advantage of losing not only your leaves in the fall, but also up to an inch of branch? I have learned my trees (in Illinois and North Carolina) and we refer to Hornbeam- Carpinus caroliniana as “Musclewood”, and Hop Hornbeam- Ostrya virginiana as “Ironwood”. Please direct questions or comments to websupport@albion.edu. Planted alongside of the arch are musclewoods and serviceberries! Carpinus caroliniana, the American hornbeam, is a small hardwood tree in the genus Carpinus. Caitlin is a firm believer that Wisconsin is the best and most beautiful state in the union. It is also called ironwood for its very dense timber. Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is an attractive small tree that is common, but not abundant in its natural range. Musclewood is a relatively small, slow-growing, and short-lived tree which usually grows in the understory of our mixed-hardwood forests. A closely related tree, the blue beech (Carpinus caroliniana), also carries the hornbeam and ironwood names. The leaves of Carpinus caroliniana are shaped like a long oval (referred to in botanical books as an oblong ovate shape) with a pointed tip and a base that is often uneven. The name hornbeam refers to the genuine strength of its wood — it is one of the hardest and strongest woods in North America. This phenomenon is present in lots of trees like basswood, elm, and hackberry and is called shoot-tip abortion. That ironwood is also called musclewood and bluebeech. Plant Profiles: HORT 2242 Landscape Plants II Botanical Name: Carpinus caroliniana Common Name: American hornbeam, blue beech, ironwood, musclewood Family Name: Betulaceae – birch family General Description: Carpinus caroliniana is a native large shrub to small tree that is widely distributed throughout eastern United States, south to Florida and Texas, and even into parts of Mexico. Another native Wisconsin tree (Ostrya virginiana), however, is also called "hophornbeam" or "ironwood" which refers to the incredible strength of the wood. Michigan Press 447 p. Michigan Flora Online. Blue beech (Carpinus caroliniana), also called musclewood or American hornbeam, is a small, slow-growing tree, native to Minnesota and the eastern U.S. Its other common name Ironwood is used to describe the dense, tough wood of this species. Barnes BV, Wagner, WH Jr. 2004. Native to Midwestern forests, s ome may consider it too common for widespread use, but a closer look is warranted. Its other common name Ironwood is used to describe the dense, tough wood of this species. As the name suggests, the wood will take a horn-like polish and was once used by early Americans to make bowls, tool handles, and ox yokes. The leaves are alternate with a doubly toothed margin. Information about the common street trees of Albion, Michigan [Internet]. University of Michigan [Internet]. However it occupies different sites than the Hop-Hornbeam tree which is another understory species. The reference to muscle relates to the tree's characteristic fluted trunk and branches that look like muscle tissue. Authors are solely responsible for the content and accuracy of their sites, including opinions they express, Information about the common street trees of Albion, Michigan [Internet]. A natural history of trees of eastern and central North America. In fact, early pioneers found these trees ideal for making mallets and other tools as well as bowls and dishes. Ostrya virginiana is a complete different plant species; it is the "true ironwood" and is also known as american hophornbeam. They are elliptical to oblong, sharp pointed, and the margins are sharply doubly serrated with larger teeth at the ends of veins. They hang off the very tip of the branches and blow prettily in the breeze until they are dispersed by birds and insects. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. It is located at N42.24329°, W084.72828°. References: Barnes BV, Wagner, WH Jr. 2004. Musclewood has many great characteristics: hardiness, pest and insect resistance, lovely bark and limbs, alkaline soil tolerance, 2” to 4” flowers of pendulous leafy green bracts, and superb fall color. As nouns the difference between ironwood and musclewood is that ironwood is (countable) any of a number of tree species known for having a particularly solid wood while musclewood is a common name for the species carpinus caroliniana , a species of deciduous tree. Brown. However Musclewood is not a true beech species. Boss, & B.S. Eastern Hop Hornbeam is also called ironwood. She attended the University of Wisconsin-Madison and studied Forest Management. It is another important sub-dominant tree that makes up the understory layer of the forest. We connect people in cities to nature and each other. American hornbeam is also called musclewood because of the sinewy appearance of its smooth gray bark. Our vision is to inspire generations to build environmental curiosity, understanding, and respect. Available from. Available from: Skean JD, Nobert HA, Martin LC. The smooth, gray bark of the musclewood covers a sinewy, rigid trunk which looks like flexed arm muscles (hence the common name of musclewood). It is no surprise that the strong wood of this tree has given it several other common names; American hornbeam, musclewood, and ironwood. This is not completely true. [cited 9 May-2016]. American hornbeam is a small tree of bottomland understories. Trees are monecious meaning that both “male” and “female” flowers are present on each tree. “Male” catkins are not visible until spring, typically 2.5-4 cm (1-1.75 in) long, and are greenish in color. This earned it the nickname “musclewood.” Click here to see blue beech bark. In landscapes, it works well as a small shade tree and in shady, naturalized woodlands. A.A. Reznicek, E.G. From contributor G: In the central states, there are two native hornbeams, both also called ironwood. The leaf blades are 5-10 cm (2-4 in) long and 2-4 cm (0.75-1.5 in) wide. Squirrels, rabbits, and beaver eat the seeds, wood, and bark. It gets another common name, muscle tree, from the sinewy texture of its gray, fluted, smooth trunk. American hornbeam is typically an understory tree, most often found in bottomland forests, swamps, or along rivers and streams throughout much of the eastern United States. Carpinus caroliniana Walter – Betulaceae – birch family. Boss, & B.S. In North America there are numerous trees called "Ironwood", here in the East it is usually the American Hornbeam, which is in the beech family (also goes by musclewood, and several other slang) heavy dense, understory tree (not nearly as dense and substantial as western Desert Ironwood). Dark patches may occur on the bark due to the muscle like ridges that are characteristic of the trunks of this species. There is one Musclewood mapped in the arboretum. It is one of several tree species called ironwood because their wood is so hard. Leaves are alternate, simple, and borne singly on short shoots in two rows. Instead of just losing their leaves in the fall, they lose their leaves and also the very tip of each shoot so that the bud that looks like the terminal (end) bud is actually the outermost axillary (lateral or side) bud. This species is highly shade-tolerant, slow growing, and short lived. 3 vols. The desert ironwood tree of Arizona produces one of the heaviest woods in the world. Peattie, Donald C. 1948. That confusion could have easily been avoided had we used the tree's scientific name right off the bat. Plant in the spring. Seems pretty uniform across the board with the other arborists in my field that I’ve come encountered. 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